Jargon Buster Definition Glossary

27/06/16
Jargon Buster Definition Glossary

In this article we jargon bust a lot of the technical and industry words found within our website and within the design and programming industry. So this article is kind of actually like a glossary. Either way hopefully it will help make sense of some of the terms and keyword definitions that we use.

Just a quick note to clarify. There are plenty more digital file extension out there that we will not have time to cover. We are mostly concentrating on the common files extensions and one’s we happen to use. Also there are many different versions of each file type extension for example (PNG 24 and PNG 32) etc etc! And we definitely won’t have time to cover that so free to go ahead and do a quick web search if your interested in more in-depth detail and back story for these file types.

Graphics based words

Jpeg – Jpeg is one of the most commonly used file formats for photos and images. It stands for (Joint Photographic Experts Group) and was one of the first on the block for image compression. Depending on what digital program you are saving or exporting with; Jpegs have a great range of image compression capabilities without too much loss in quality however severe compression can lead to a blurry and pixelated image. They allow for some of the smallest digital image files types.

PNG – PNG is widely used throughout digital media including photo and image saving. PNG stands for (Portable Network Graphics) and can support large compression rates without loss in data and quality. Most people use this file format including us for the great compression rate but mostly for its ability to allow for transparent backdrops.

Tiff – Tiff is another widely used digital file format used within the professional photography and design industry. It allows for lossless compression all though the file sizes are still big, but does still retaining document data as so saves on document properties so that the file can be re-edited and so is not flattened. This is particularly useful for swapping files amoung artist who use diffident photo editing programs.

Check out some of our graphic design services

Web based words

HTML – HTML is a web programming language that we use to craft your website design with. It stands for (HyperText Markup Language). Currently the latest version if HTML is (HTML 5) which we use to create rich and dynamic websites. HTML is usually used for front end development and creating the physical structure of a website.

CSS – CSS goes hand-in-hand with HTML. It’s kind of like the decorating stage to a website and is written at the same time as the HTML coded structure. CSS stand for (Cascasding Style Sheets) and is used to define properties in HTML code and give them style like colour or weight or alignment etc. Currently we are using the latest incarnation of CSS, which has grown very powerful and allows for shading and building shapes and much more. It has in most part eliminated the need to cut up image document files that we designed in Photoshop or Fireworks etc and then place in the back drop of a website, which would lead to heavy websites. Now this can be done dynamically from the code making lighter and faster websites.

PHP – PHP is the backend-engine, building code. It’s for server-side programming and so the ‘things’ that the code is used to program can’t be seen as its more of an instruction or command for ‘things’ to do. For example; a contact form on a website is structured using HTML and Styled using CSS and a set of functions and instructions for what it should do is defined using PHP code. PHP stands for (Personal Home Page) well it used to; and then they changed it to (HyperText Processor) yea I know! Anyhow, we build most of our websites with WordPress and use PHP to code the back-end functions.

Check out some of the web based services in our website design section.

3D animation based words

Animation – Animation is the process of movement. We mostly use it for our 3D and 2D animation processes. An animation is the sequences of moving images that make up a displayed motion. We tend to create and export our 2D and 3D animations out at 25 frames per second or (25 FPS) this is basically 25 separate images that are slightly different from the last. We string them together and once all are played back we get a second of motion or an illusion of motion, which we call animation.

CGI – CGI is basically our specialist area and stands for (Computer Generated Imagery). So all of our animations that you see across the Painting Pixels website are CGI animations, which were created digitally and exported at resolutions of HD, 4K and higher. However CGI is more commonly referred to within the 3D animation industry where the animations are created in 3-demensions with a 3d environment and with 3d characters etc instead of 2d graphics, which technically are also computer generated images.

Check out some of the animation based services including 3d animation and 2d animation.

Mobile format based words

IOS – As you can see within our mobile application development sections of our website we mention that we develop for iOS. What do we mean by that? Well iOS is the mobile operating system created by Apple for Apple mobile devices. It the system that runs your iPhone and iPad. But not your Mac Book or iMac. They have a different system for that currently called OSx.

Android – As above with the iOS operating system. Android in also a mobile operating system created by Google for their mobile devices including smart phones and tablets. We can also build apps for this system type.

Have a look at our mobile app design and development services

 

 

Stay tuned and repeat this page frequently as we will update it with more definitions soon.